I wrote following article, about implementing some of the Schema aware stylesheet ideas (as defined in the XSLT 2.0 spec.) using a XSLT 1.0 processor and Java extensions, and a suitable validating XML parser. A requirement from a XSLT user on this blog motivated me to work on this idea.
The article on my web site showcases just how few of the XSLT 2.0 Schema aware facilities like, validating the output tree (or even a result tree fragment) prior to serialization can be done. This covers one of the very important aspects of Schema aware XSLT 2.0 stylesheet design.
I think it's not possible to implement following Schema aware XSLT 2.0 facilities, using XSLT 1.0 and extensions alone:
1) Pass the validated XML instance tree to the XSLT processor, and the stylesheet is able to access Schema annotated XPath 2.0 data model tree. The XSLT 2.0 and XPath 2.0 languages define various Schema related instructions and expressions (for e.g., element(*, typeName) etc.), which cannot be simulated with XSLT 1.0 and extensions.
2) Since we cannot access Schema annotated XPath 2.0 data model tree in a XSLT 1.0 stylesheet, we cannot access XML Schema type names in a stylesheet, which prohibits the enhanced static typing features in XSLT stylesheets.
Using a complete Schema aware XSLT 2.0 system allows very rich static typing in XSLT stylesheets out of the box.